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The Basics of Industrial Centrifuge Maintenance

Image of a man reassembling a centrifuge during centrifuge maintenance

Posted by: Quenton Lind on June 17, 2021 at 9:15 AM

When it comes to maintaining industrial centrifuges, the effort you put in really does come back to you tenfold. Centrifuges are large, powerful machines, and they do what they do exceptionally well. With the right amount of attention paid to maintaining these machines and safety precautions, centrifuges can provide decades of consistent and reliable performance.

But if you’re talking about industrial centrifuges that don’t receive the maintenance they require, the performance of those machines will degrade at a quickened pace. It's best to keep the manual that comes with your centrifuge handy, as it includes information on cleaning and maintenance. Let’s take a look at some of these industrial centrifuge maintenance procedures and preventative measures. We'll also share tips and SOPs from our centrifuge maintenance checklist.

How to Care for Your Centrifuge

Centrifuge maintenance and care are almost always split into two camps: minor service and major service, which I’ll go into more detail on in a moment. First, let’s talk about maintenance in general. Any piece of equipment is going to require occasional attention in order to maintain performance, correct minor issues, and prevent failures.

Centrifuges, like other pieces of heavy equipment, have parts that will wear and need to be replaced from time to time. This equipment benefits from having a skilled and experienced technician who understands centrifuges, looking over the equipment to ensure nothing is out of place. With enough experience performing industrial centrifuge service, minor issues are easy to spot long before they become big problems. With that said, let’s move on to the different types of recommended routine maintenance.

Minor Service for Centrifuges

Minor service also referred to as top-end service, involves maintaining the top end of an industrial centrifuge. Minor service begins with a full disassembly of the bowl and inspections of the centripetal pumps and the disk stack. The discs are cleaned by hand, checked for cracks, missing caulk, or other defects.

Full Regasketing

As the bowl is inspected, we also look at the pistons and other wear parts for degradation, and we go through the whole machine to look for pittings and signs of corrosion from CIP (clean in place) chemicals. After tearing down the full disc stack and completely removing it from the distributor, we regasket the bowl with all new gaskets.

Checking for Proper CIP 

How quickly a minor service visit takes depends a lot on whether or not current CIP procedures are effective. If the machine is not receiving proper cleaning, we always notify the customer. Sometimes, they need to lengthen their pre-soak time or their caustic wash cycle in order to do proper CIP.

Although the base recommendation for how often a minor service should take place is every six months, the actual time between services depends on the hours of production. Facilities that run 24/7 will require minor service more often than those that run on one or two shifts.

Major Service for Centrifuges

Major service, also referred to as an annual, includes everything that goes into a minor service as well as additional services. Once the top end of the machine is complete, we focus on the lower end. This includes replacing any and all of the major wear parts: gaskets, bearings, seals, etc. Depending on the type of drive (we routinely work on gear drive, flat belt drive, and integrated direct drive machines), we provide whatever maintenance the machine requires.

Calibrating

At the completion of inspections, component replacements, and cleaning, we start the machines up for calibrating. For calibration, we run water through the centrifuge, check the amount of discharge and any volume metrics to ensure everything is functioning properly. This includes looking for leaks. With Westfalia or Alfa Laval centrifuges, we also calibrate them on the product. When we walk away from performing a major service on a machine, we’re sure it’s working as it should.

Understanding Industrial Centrifuge Maintenance Procedures

The effort that goes into maintaining industrial centrifuges becomes obvious in each machine’s performance. It’s not uncommon for facilities to handle minor service needs in-house and call in an outside provider like us for majors. One thing that’s important to understand is that if the people performing minor service don’t have an eye for centrifuges, some key safety things tend to get missed.

Not knowing how to spot the early stages of corrosion, erosion, wear, and damage on the bowls can cause a bowl to deteriorate long before it should. There are always pros and cons to any facility decision, but skimping on proper centrifuge maintenance can turn out to be a costly decision in the long run. And for facilities that do handle minor services in-house, I strongly recommend keeping a centrifuge maintenance log and partnering with an experienced centrifuge service provider for your annuals.

Download The Pre-Maintenance Checklist